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Make A Kit

Know The Risks Make A Plan Be Prepared

Basic Emergency kit

For Home and Office:

All Canadians should have some basic supplies on hand to survive for at least 3 days if an emergency occurs. Following is a list of basic items that every emergency kit should include. It is important that individuals consider where they live and their family's unique needs in order to create an emergency kit that will meet these needs. Canadians should consider having at least two emergency kits, one full kit for the home and  smaller portable kits for the vehicle and work place.

You may need to survive on your own after a disaster. This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least three days for your and your family. Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. It might take days for help to arrive.

Build an emergency kit to take with you in case you have to evacuate. You may have some of these basic emergency kit items already. Make sure you have a flashlight, battery-operated weather radio, food, water and blankets, first aid supplies, map, whistle, cash. Keep these items organized, easy to find and easy to carry container such as a suitcase with wheels or in a backpack or a duffle bag in case you need to evacuate your home.

Easy to carry – think of ways that you can pack your emergency kit so that you and those on your emergency plan can easily take the items with you, if necessary.

  • Water – two litres of water per person per day. Include small bottles that can be carried easily.
  • Map - A map of your area.
  • Personal Documents
  • Toiletries
  • Food – that won't spoil, such as canned food, energy bars and dried foods. Check expiry dates twice a year.
  • Garbage bags - use orange coloured to attract attention. Can also be used as a rain poncho.
  • Manual can opener
  • Flashlight and batteries
  • Whistle
  • Battery–powered or wind–up radio (and extra batteries)
  • First aid kit
  • Special needs items – prescription medications, infant formula or equipment for people with disabilities
  • Extra keys – for your car and house
  • Cash – keep change for vending machines, include small bills such as $10 and $20 bills. Use travellers cheques.
  • Emergency plan – include a copy of it and ensure it contains in–town and out–of–town contact information

Emergency car kit

If you drive a car, prepare an emergency car kit for it and keep it in the vehicle. Your vehicle emergency kit  should include the following items:

  • Plain Paper - for messages and notes vehicle escape tool
  • Colouring Books - to keep the kids occupied
  • Food – that won't spoil, such as energy bars
  • Water – in plastic bottles so they won't break if frozen (change every six months)
  • Blanket
  • Garbage bags - use orange coloured to attract attention. Can also be used as a rain poncho.
  • Extra clothing and shoes
  • First aid kit – with seatbelt cutter
  • Small shovel, scraper and snowbrush
  • Emergency Hammer - vehicle escape tool
  • Candle in a deep can and matches
  • Wind–up flashlight
  • Battery Powered, Wind up Radio
  • Whistle
  • Roadmaps
  • Copy of your emergency plan and personal documents
  • Sand, salt or cat litter (non clumping)
  • Windshield washer fluid
  • Tow rope
  • Jumper cables
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Warning light or road flares

Recommended additional items

The basic emergency kit will help you get through the first 72 hours of an emergency. In addition to this kit, we recommend you also have the following additional emergency supplies. Then you will be well equipped for even the worst emergency situations.

  • Two additional litres of water per person per day for cooking and cleaning
  • Candles and matches or lighter (place in sturdy containers and do not burn unattended)
  • Change of clothing and footwear for each household member
  • Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each household member
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Extra Toilet paper
  • Utensils
  • Garbage bags - use orange coloured to attract attention, if needed
  • Household chlorine bleach or water purifying tablets
  • Basic tools (hammer, pliers, wrench, screwdrivers, work gloves, pocket knife)
  • Small fuel-operated stove and fuel
  • Duct tape
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